In the industrial sector, an increasing integration of process water, cooling water and boiler feedwater circuits is currently moving towards an integrated industrial water management system. This also means a growing restriction of water cycles. In addition to a reduced dependence on fresh water resources, this results in potential for the recovery of raw materials and recyclables. Due to this development, however, avoiding or removing of impurities and the handling of concentrates becomes more and more complex. In many cases, treatment and management of concentrates has become the bottleneck of an increasing circular system. It is also evident that the Zero Liquid Discharge approach, which is often favoured on international level, is not always effective but must be seen as an element of integrated industrial water management.
In the field of "Industrial water use", the funding measure WavE supports 7 projects: